Програмісти і web-розробник. В чому різниця?

В IT-сфері часто можна зустріти ці дві посади. І сьогодні ми з вами поговоримо про їх відмінності.

🔹 Різні цілі

Веб-розробник заповнює так звану “прірву” між веб-дизайнером і програмістом. Дизайнер працює над створенням дизайну веб-сайта, а веб-розробник створює цей сайт з усіма його специфікаціями. Роль програміста в даному випадку заключається в створенні інструменту для обробки запитів користувачів веб-сайту. І, після закінчення даної таски, програміст почне займатися іншим проектом, у той час як веб-розробник буде відповідати за оновлення і обслуговування сайту.

🔹 Використовуються різні мови

Веб-розробник використовує HTML для налаштування відображення тексту. Також він використовує JavaScript для роботи на стороні клієнта і РНР на стороні серверу. Звісно, існує ще така мова у веб-розробці, як Ruby. З іншого боку, програміст може використовувати будь-яку кількість мов для створення додатку, який йому потрібен, наприклад: C #, Java, C ++, Python, C або будь-яку іншу мову.

🔹 Різниця в реалізації

Обговорювані вище мови фактично виконують різні функції. Мови програмування, такі як Java і C ++, являються мовами високого рівня. А це означає, що введення рядка коду на С++ не являється фактичною інструкцією для машини, таким код становиться лише при компіляції. Написання коду на мовах низького рівня, наприклад, було б дуже втомленим і складним. Такі мови більш тісно взаємодіють із залізом і треба буде вказувати для машини найдетальніші інструкції.


Підсумовуючи, можна сказати, що веб-розробники — це такі ж програмісти, тому що для обох позицій стоять аналогічні вимоги до навичок. Але веб-розробники використовують такі навички і інструменти (інструменти графічного дизайну і редагування відео), якими програмісти не будуть користуватись. Крім того, веб-розробники частіше контактують із замовниками. Програміст створив Mozilla Firefox, а веб-розробник — Mozilla.com.


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